Pennsylvania Homeschoolers

AP* Online Classes

I plan to major in economics based largely on the strength of this course.  I also applied for a full-tuition + yearly stipend academic scholarship in economics at a top university... [and] I ended up getting the scholarship.  Before my senior year, my knowledge of economics pretty much went as far as a rudimentary understanding of supply and demand.

AP Macro-Economics

On-Line for the 2019-2020 School Year

Teacher: Dr. Howard Richman


 [THIS SECTION IS FULL - Except for brothers, sisters and children of my former students.]

Costs and Requirements:

Who can apply: Registrations are still being accepted by snail mail accompanied by check or money order, but only for homeschooled students who are brothers, sisters or children of my former students. They also must be in 10th, 11th or 12th grades during the 2019-2020 school year. Other than that, there are no class prerequisites.  

How to register: Brothers, sisters and children of my former students can pay tuition by sending a check or money order for $625 by snail mail to AP Homeschoolers (105 Richman LN, Kittanning PA 16201). 

Microeconomics Option: Some students will want to take the AP Microeconomics exam as well. If so, you can study for it on your own or you can take Dan Burns second semester microeconomics class, also available from PA Homeschoolers Online. Dan Burns class will start when the active portion of my class ends, using the same textbook.

Highly interactive: Students discuss economics, respond to each others’ essays, and play economics games on the class website. Students are expected to log on to the website every weekday. Any class chats are optional and can be read later if you are unable to log on at the time of day when the chat takes place.

Class Description: Are you the sort of person who likes to talk about the effects of government policies and what the government should or should not do? You may be a born economist. Macroeconomics is the part of economics that studies government actions and looks mostly at problems of the economy as a whole such as inflation, unemployment, recession, international trade, and long-term growth. We will specifically learn about economics theories of important economists from Adam Smith, to Keynes, to Milton Friedman.

In this class, you will learn how to predict the effects of government actions. For example, "What happens to unemployment rates when the government raises the minimum wage or cuts taxes?"

You will learn the skills necessary for analyzing economics problems: how to use the vocabulary of economists, how to draw “supply” and “demand” curves, how to read economics graphs, how to pull the economy out of recessions or inflationary spirals and how to promote long-term economic growth.

The most fun part of the class is the economics simulation games. Each game will be played twice (each run lasting two weeks), and there will be four games during the year.

  1. The Business Game: You will either be a burger retailer or a wholesaler. Wholesalers arrange sales to retailers and decide whether or not to build new factories and/or invest in improved technology. Retailers sell to a fictional public and the amount they sell depends upon their market share, price, and advertising. This game teaches the microeconomics of supply and demand through a business simulation.
  2. Guns or Butter Game: You are the absolute dictator of a country and you need to decide how to spend your money. You can also trade with your allies to take advantage of each country’s comparative advantages. But watch out, if you don’t build enough weapons you could be attacked. This game teaches about the importance of investment, maintaining defensive strength, and comparative advantage in international trade.
  3. Investment Game: You are both a government and an investor. As a government you use fiscal and monetary policies to try to attract investment. As an investor you try to pick the best countries (from among the other countries) for your new factories. This game teaches some of the relationships between money supply, government spending, taxation, interest rates, and private investment.
  4. Economic Warfare Game: You will be either the business or the government segment of a country. Businesses are trying to make more money than other businesses and governments are trying to advance their economy while using currency manipulations, spies, and counterspies to gain competitive advantages over other countries. This game requires an understanding of international capital movements and foreign trade, the main factors that affect the relative prices of currencies.

Class Schedule. The class will start the last week of August with one week off for Thanksgiving and two weeks off in the winter, including Christmas Day and New Years Day. The daily classes and assignments will end at the end of January. You would still need to review in order to prepare for the final exam that parents administer in April and the actual AP Macroeconomics exam in May. 

Want to Get a Head Start? I recommend two excellent video series that you can watch before class starts:

Teacher qualifications: This will be my 22nd year teaching this class to homeschoolers over the Internet. I graduated with a BA in Economics from Carnegie Mellon University and I co-authored a 2008 economics policy book, Trading Away Our Future, and a 2014 economics book Balanced Trade with my father, a Professor Emeritus in economics from the University of Pittsburgh, and my eldest always-homeschooled son, an associate professor of political science at Old Dominion University. 


Click on images below to read class showcase entries about this class.

Click here to read class reviews from past participants
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