Pennsylvania Homeschoolers

AP* Online Classes

The teacher was great, the material was interesting, challenging, and helpful for the exam. The videos that we watched provided extra information on many political topics. The discussions with the other students were thought-provoking and a good exercise in expressing opinions on political matters.

AP U.S. History

On-Line for the 2020-2021 School Year

Teacher: Daniel Burns


Registration form: click here

Course Materials:

Schedule: Class starts on August 24th, 2020 with submission of the summer reading book review and finishes after the AP exam on May 6th, 2021. There is one week off for Thanksgiving, two for Christmas, and one for spring break.

What's new for 20-21:

Class Fees: Early bird (before July 1st): $595, regular $625. Audit option (see below) $195. The main textbook costs between $93-$168 depending on choice of ebook, print, or both. Yes, it's expensive but the materials will be worth it - plus I've reduced tuition a bit to try to keep the overall cost of the course manageable. 

Course description: AP U.S. History follows the College Board’s curriculum framework, covering U.S. history from colonization through the present, including political, social, cultural, and economic themes. Since 2015, the curriculum framework has included a strong focus on historical thinking skills. The idea is to train students to engage in the work of a historian at an introductory level. What do professional historians do? They examine evidence from all available sources to come to conclusions about the past. Those sources of evidence include documents, photographs, journal entries, archeological digs, personal interviews, the work of other historians, and much more. All of this evidence is filtered through an evaluation process to determine the meaning and credibility of the evidence. What were the biases of the source? Who was the intended audience and how might the intended audience affect its credibility? Was the evidence tampered with over time? How have other historians interpreted it?

In APUSH, you probably won't have the opportunity to conduct your own archeological dig (but if you do I'll give you bonus points!), but you will be presented with plenty of evidence to sort through. The textbook, supplementary sources, and primary sources will give you the raw material to work with as you argue for thesis statements and evaluate sources. The basic idea is that APUSH students are doing history instead of just studying history. This approach is much more interesting than a traditional memorization-based approach. The emphasis on doing history puts a big focus on critical thinking skills such as analysis, argumentation, and causation. So be prepared to be stretched and challenged along the way!

As you may have guessed from the listing of Dr. Spinney’s book above, I try to approach history with an appreciation for America’s Christian heritage. Dr. Spinney is a professor of history at Patrick Henry College and his book is a compilation of his course lectures. I also use a set of powerpoints created by a conservative Christian history professor designed to expose students to a similar worldview (and to Calvin and Hobbes cartoons as historical commentary!). Students will see many aspects of America’s development analyzed through this lens.

Note that while students are exposed to a Christian worldview, the course is not about indoctrination from a single perspective. By critically evaluating a range of perspectives, we strive to arrive at truth. Students will better understand and be able to defend their beliefs when they have considered and debated opposing views. Those who are not Christians themselves will find their beliefs respected and have the opportunity to present their point of view. My approach is to neither downplay the greatness and uniqueness of America's heritage nor whitewash its faults. I want to celebrate the incredible freedom and prosperity the U.S. has enjoyed and how it has often been a force for good around the world, while acknowledging and understanding its many shortcomings.The student group in 2018-2019 encompasses a remarkable range of religious viewpoints, and the exchange of ideas has been outstanding. 

The nuts and bolts of the course involve a variety of assignment types. These include reading primary and secondary sources, watching videos, and research online as well as practice with AP-style multiple choice questions, short answer questions, essays, and document-based questions. Some assignments encourage and reward creative presentation. 

Who should apply: This course is open to homeschooled students who will be in grades 9 through 12 in the 2020-2021 school year. However, in my experience, 9th graders are typically better served by choosing another course as their first AP course and waiting another year before attempting APUSH. There are no prerequisites, but a basic understanding of U.S. History will be helpful. Students should also be willing to regularly engage in thoughtful discussions of historical issues and events.

This course is ideal for those who have a passion for history and enjoy an academic challenge. There will be large readings required along with primary source documents, regular AP-style practice essays, and other assignments, so strong reading and writing skills are essential. I will ask for PSAT/SAT/ACT scores or other measures of academic preparation in the application process. Perhaps most importantly, students should have self-motivation and a love of learning. Plan to spend around 10 hours per week engaged in this course.

Interaction: An important component of the class is the exchange of perspectives and ideas. This is not a class for simply memorizing facts and dates, but for analyzing, synthesizing, and interpreting. What do you think about the transcendentalist literary authors? Did the South have the right to secede? What about Theodore Roosevelt’s Big Stick foreign policy?

We like to have fun in APUSH! The course will have a highly interactive password-protected website (interactive rating of 3) where students get to know each other, respond to each other’s work, ask questions, etc. One popular assignment type is a group project where students collaborate on researching and answering a question. 

I will post frequent updates on the website as a reminder of assignments. Parents are encouraged to check the website regularly for details about course work and student interaction. I will also send out a midyear progress report and a final progress report to parents (very useful to show evaluators or to include in a portfolio!).

Note that there is *not* a specific time when the class meets in a live setting. Students are expected to check the website daily and participate regularly, but not at any particular time of day. Other than certain optional activities, everything is available around the clock to accommodate different schedules and even students living around the world. We will, however, organize an (optional) weekly live chat session for review and interaction, typically led by my TAs who were outstanding students in previous years. Typically I will be available for online "office hours" most weekday mornings for getting questions answered quickly or reviewing material.

Audit option: Audit students have access to all class materials, including automated multiple-choice quizzes. However, they do not participate in assigned discussion topics or group projects and do not receive grades or feedback on any written work. Although the regular course is certainly preferable for AP exam preparation and a fun experience, audit could be a good option for those who can handle a more self-directed course. Just indicate on the application form that the application is for audit status.

Registration: click here. Please email me with any questions. Class size is limited and there will be a summer reading assignment, so sign up early!

Instructor Qualifications: This will be my 17th (wow!) year teaching AP U.S. History online for the Pennsylvania Homeschoolers. I love U.S. history and the related fields of politics, economics, and culture. I have also been a classroom teacher, AP Coordinator, and Administrator for Puebla Christian School in Puebla, Mexico. My students have done extremely well the AP U.S. History exam in the last 16 years, performing well above national averages. I am a veteran of the AP Homeschoolers program, having taken various AP online courses while in high school as a PHAA student. I went on to attend Patrick Henry College for my bachelor's degree and Regent University for my master's. Another Patrick Henry graduate, Matthew Exline, serves as assistant instructor for this class. We both have a voracious appetite for U.S. history and look forward to another year of teaching this course as a means of sharing that excitement with homeschooled high school students. My wife Florina and I have two beautiful daughters, Azrielle (6) and Avianna (3).


Click on images below to read class showcase entries about this class.

Click here to read class reviews from past participants
Return to the AP Online Classes Home Page

Susan Richman, PA Homeschoolers AP Online Coordinator
105 Richman LN
Kittanning PA 16201-5737
(Click here to read a statistical report about the success of these classes on AP exams)

*AP and Advanced Placement Program are registered trademarks of the College Entrance Examination Board which was not involved with the production of this website.